Solar PV Scenario in India and Its Adoption Issues

It is easy to tell that Solar PV is booming in India, of-course because of tremendously low solar tariffs news popping up every now and then. This should mean that solar is dead cheap now and we should be seeing it everywhere, in all farms, terraces, etc. But sadly that’s not the case. So is it because solar is not good for all or is the technology not satisfying enough for everyone to adopt or are the numbers in the news wrong?

The fact is, yes solar is booming in India and it is definitely good for all. But the boom is only in the larger solar PV market where the installations are worth certain MWs whereas when we talk about household and SME solar PV installations, the adoption is way below 1%. There are certain pain points regarding solar PV which has led to such low adoption at the ground level.

Here are the 3 major pain points:

  1. At the household and SME level, solar PV installation requires certain upfront capital investment which makes it look quite expensive to the end users.
  2. Most of the household and SME owners don’t exactly know how a solar PV system works. In such a situation, when someone goes out and suggests those owners to invest a couple of lakhs in such a system, it becomes really difficult for them to trust on the benefits against that investment. There is a lack of transparency in the working of the solar PV systems which has led to lot of misconceptions and frauds.
  3. The currently available systems in the market have been designed for stable grids which make them quite non-optimal in the Indian scenario where the grid situation is quite different because of its developing and expanding nature. The currently available systems are good for large scale solar PV power plants but quite out of sync when we talk about micro level installation that happen at the household and SME level. There is an immense need for systems that have been technically designed keeping in mind the Indian electricity grid scenario.

There is a need for specific technology which serves the Indian market with a certain extent of transparency in the system’s working which will eventually lead to making the economics more feasible followed by increased adoption of solar PV at the ground level. That is when we will actually be able to see the meaningful boom of Solar PV in India in our day to day lives.

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